China's Shipbuilding Industry: Moving Toward High-end Intelligence Against the Trend Shipbuilding Power to Shipbuilding Strength

Marika", an offshore FPSO known as "Offshore Oil Factory", was completed and delivered in Guangzhou. The ship conversion project is one of the most complicated, largest and advanced projects of the same type of ship conversion in the world, which is carried out by CSBC Chengxi Shipbuilding Co. (Guangzhou) Company and Guangzhou Shipbuilding International.

Affected by the global shipping market downturn, China's shipbuilding enterprises to deliver the ship is difficult, difficult to make a profit and other problems. However, the shipbuilding industry against the trend, releasing the backbone of the growth of enterprises against the trend, high-end design capacity steadily increased, the manufacturing model towards intelligent and other positive signals. It is expected that by 2020, China will initially realize the transformation from a shipbuilding power to a shipbuilding power!

In the delivery of the largest domestic container ship "Duffy - Vasco - Da Gama" shortly after the China State Shipbuilding Industry Group recently in the ultra-large container ship manufacturing field and add another good result: and China Shipping Container Lines signed a large order of eight container ships, costing a total of 5.7 billion yuan.

In the first half of the year, in the difficult environment of the external market, China's shipbuilding industry completed 18.53 million deadweight tons, an increase of 6.3%. However, by the global shipping market downturn, the impact of the continuing decline in oil prices, new ship orders have fallen sharply, the marine engineering equipment market has shrunk significantly, the enterprise delivery of ships difficult, difficult to make a profit and other issues are prominent.

"In the situation of a sharp decline in demand for new ships, the state intensively introduced a series of industrial policies to support the development of the shipbuilding industry, the shipbuilding industry to accelerate the pace of structural adjustment, the comprehensive competitive advantage against the trend of the trend, and withstood a variety of difficulties and tests." Zhang Xiangmu, director of the equipment industry division of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said in an interview with the "Economic Daily News" reporter that by 2020, China should initially realize the transformation from a large shipbuilding country to a strong shipbuilding country.

Backbone enterprises against the trend

This year, China's shipbuilding industry is facing a more severe market test. According to statistics, in the first half of the year, China undertook new ship orders of 11.19 million deadweight tons, a year-on-year decline of 72.6%. "Since the international financial crisis, the international market share of China's new ship undertakings has declined for the first time." Jin Peng, secretary-general of the China Shipbuilding Industry Association, said.

In fact, the entire international shipping market was in the doldrums in the first half of the year, with global new ship transactions down by more than half year-on-year. But China's backbone shipbuilding enterprises in the adversity of the advantages, smooth delivery of ships, and vigorously develop new ship type, seize the international market orders, in the fierce market competition to take the lead.

Concentration of China's shipbuilding industry to further improve the optimization of industrial organization has begun to bear fruit. According to statistics, in the first half of the country's shipbuilding completion volume ranked the top 10 enterprises, accounting for 57.5% of the national proportion, than the end of 2014, an increase of 6.9 percentage points; new ship orders ranked the top 10 enterprises, accounting for 75.4% of the national proportion, than the end of 2014 to improve nearly 20%, the formation of a number of international competitiveness of the backbone of the marine engineering equipment enterprises.

At the same time, from the point of view of ship supporting equipment loading capacity, China has been able to meet more than 80% of bulk carriers, oil tankers and container ships supporting equipment loading demand. In recent years, the backbone of the ship supporting enterprises to increase scientific and technological research and development, strengthen product development and market expansion, independent brand supporting products to make breakthroughs, ship supporting capacity significantly improved.

"At present, the international shipping market is still in the low level of the industrial adjustment cycle, digestion of excess capacity will take some time." Zhang Xiangmu said that the future demand structure of the shipping industry will see obvious changes, the demand for conventional ship types such as bulk carriers is weak, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships will become the hot spot of future market demand.

High-end design capability enhancement

At the end of June, the 37,000-ton asphalt ship designed by Shanghai Shipbuilding Research and Design Institute and built by AVIC Dingheng Shipbuilding Company was successfully launched. This is the world's largest independent tank-type asphalt ship, marking China's special liquid cargo ship design field has reached the world's leading level.

Zhang Xiangmu pointed out that high-tech ships and marine engineering equipment is the high-end of the value chain of the shipping industry, but also the focus of the future development of China's shipbuilding industry. Happily, at present, China's shipbuilding industry high-end product design, construction capacity has been significantly enhanced, product transformation has been effective.

The main force of the world shipbuilding industry will still be China, South Korea and Japan, and high-end design and technological innovation is undoubtedly the key element of future competition. "By 2025, China's independent research and development, design and construction of major offshore engineering equipment, high-tech ships, the international market share should reach 40% and 50% respectively, and some areas of design and manufacturing technology to achieve international leadership." Zhang Xiangmu said.

Manufacturing mode toward intelligence

In the hull workshop of Jiangsu Nantong COSCO Kawasaki Ship Engineering Co., Ltd, the robots keep waving their arms, and under the splash of sparks, the steel is cut into various shapes and automatically categorized and arranged. It is understood that most of the company's workshops have realized automated operation, the repeated utilization rate of steel plates is more than 95%, and the automated production line has increased the productivity of the corresponding processes by about 70%.

"Shipbuilding is developing in the direction of design intelligence, product intelligence, management refinement and information integration." Zhang Xiangmu said that the world's shipbuilding powerhouses have put forward the goal of building intelligent shipyards, and "Made in China 2025" also proposes to comply with the new trend of world shipbuilding competition and the development of ship science and technology, and to take the advancement of digital, networked and intelligent manufacturing as a breakthrough to continually improve the level, quality and efficiency of the development of the shipbuilding industry.

"On the other hand, China's labor cost rigidly rising, compared with Japan and South Korea, the advantage gradually disappeared, but also forced China's shipbuilding industry transformation and upgrading, vigorously develop intelligent manufacturing." Jin Peng said.

Guo Dacheng, president of the China Association of the Shipbuilding Industry Industry, said that intelligent manufacturing is of strategic significance to China's shipbuilding industry, and the shipbuilding industry should strengthen its research on intelligent manufacturing technology and accelerate the process of shipbuilding intelligence.

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